Demystification of the Myth of Freedom in the Characterization of Christopher McCandless in Krakauer's Into The Wild
Keywords:Into The Wild, Freedom, Myth, Characterizations, Demystification
While Krakauer's Into The Wild depicts McCandless' flee from society to live in the wild, many reviews argue that McCandless was not really a kind of person who finds freedom in nature. The present study will investigate further the surface characterizations of McCandless as freedom chaser with the plot development to fill the gap between McCandless' characterizations and the myth of freedom that he chases. By applying Barthesâ€™ mythology, the study reveals that McCandless was described as an adventurer, immaterialist, and loner. However, the plot development reveals that as a person who sought an adventure in nature, McCandless would deal with water, but knowing that he had fear of water, it is contradictive with his characterization as an adventurer. As a person who rejected capitalism and materialist society, he was found working at McDonald's for having money in which both McDonalds and money are symbols of capitalism and materialistic society. As a person who spent his time mostly alone and intended to be alone in Alaska, he was a lonely person after all. Thus these contradictions demystify the myth of freedom that McCandless chases.
Bouzida, F. (2014). the Semiology Analysis in Media Studies - Roland Barthes Approach. Socioint14: International Conference on Social Sciences and Humanities, (September), 1000â€“1006.
Cobley, P., & Jansz, L. (n.d.). Introducing semiotics. McPherson's Printing Group Victoria
Given, L. M. (2008). The Sage encyclopedia of qualitative research methods. Sage Publications.
Hayek, F. A. von (Friedrich A. (2006). Constitution of liberty. Routledge.
Krakauer, J. (1995). Into the wild. Macmillan.
Perlman, D., & Peplau, L. (1981). Toward a social psychology of loneliness. Personal Relationships, (6), 31â€“55. https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.41.2.229
Prior, L. (2008). Document analysis. The Sage Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Methods. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781412963909
Sebeok, T. A. (Thomas A. (1994). Signsâ€¯: an introduction to semiotics. University of Toronto Press.
Stanford University., & Center for the Study of Language and Information (U.S.). (1997). Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. Stanford University. Retrieved from https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/liberty-positive-negative/