The Image of Madurese Women in "Tandak" Short Story by Mahwi Air Tawar


  • Fatmawati Fatmawati University of Malaya



Madurese; patriarchy; symbolic resistance; woman image


Madurese belongs to some Indonesian ethnic groups that follow patriarchal system. The patriarchal hegemony is depicted in the short story entitled "Tandak" written by Mahwi Air Tawar. Therefore, the study aims to examine woman image in Madurese patriarchal system and symbolic resistance in the short story. The study uses descriptive research. The data sources are Tandak short story, books, and related articles. The data are collected by close reading technique. The collected data are analyzed by applying feminist literary criticism that views woman as a reader. The results show that the physical images of women in the short story are Madurese ideal women. The personality of each woman is varied. However, by comparing woman image and man image it can be found that woman is inferior, weak, and marginalized whereas man is superior, strong, and dominant. There are some symbolic resistances, but man's power still cannot be fully seized by woman.


Adji, M., Meilinawati, L. & Banita, B. (2009). Perempuan dalam Kuasa Patriarki. (Research Paper, Padjajaran University)

Harits, I. W. (2011). The Social Position and Typology of Madurese Women in Madura Folktales. Atavisme, 14(8), 194-202.

Munthe, J. M. (2014). Representasi Ideologi Patriarki dalam Novel Sekuntum Ruh Dalam Merah Karya Naning Pranoto (Kritik Sastra Feminis). (Undergraduate Thesis, Indonesia University of Education)

Sudarwati. (2011). Ideologi Patriarki pada Novel Ronggeng Dukuh Paruk Karya Ahmad Tohari. Jurnal Parafrase, 11(02), 31-36.

Tawar, M. A. (2017). Tandak. in Mahwi Air Tawar, Blater (75-83). Yogyakarta: Penerbit Sulur.

Walby, S. (1989). Theorizing Patriarchy. Sociology Journal, 23 (2), 213-231.

Wiyatmi. (2012). Kritik Karya Feminis: Teori dan Aplikasinya dalam Sastra Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Ombak.




How to Cite

Fatmawati, F. (2017). The Image of Madurese Women in "Tandak" Short Story by Mahwi Air Tawar. NOBEL: Journal of Literature and Language Teaching, 8(2), 75-82.



| Abstract views: 0 ,

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.