Author Guidelines

NOBEL: Journal of Literature and Language Teaching publishes articles on Literature, Language, and Language Teaching from various perspectives, covering both literary and fieldwork studies. The journal puts emphasis on aspects related to language studies, with special reference to culture, literature, linguistics, and language teaching. This journal encompasses original research articles, conceptual (state-of-art) review, and review articles. The language studied can be any language such as but not limited to English, Indonesian, Arabic, English, French, German, Japanese, Korean, indigenous, and modern languages. However, it is important to bear in mind that the official language of the journal is English. All papers submitted to this journal must be written in good English. Authors for whom English is not their native language are encouraged to have their paper be checked before submission for grammar and clarity.  The work should not have been published or submitted for publication elsewhere. 

1. General Author Guidelines 
All manuscripts must be submitted to NOBEL: Journal of Literature and Language Teaching editorial office using Online Submission Service where Author should register first as Author role. If authors have any problems with the online submission, please contact the editorial office at the following email: nobel@uinsby.ac.id.
The manuscript submitted should be accompanied by a signed Copyright Transfer Agreement (CTA) form originally (scan the document after signed or signed electronically) [download the CTA form 2020 here] by online through online submission interface (upload as Supplementary Files).

2. Manuscript Template
The manuscript should be prepared according to the following author guidelines in the MS Word (doc.; docx; pdf) article template format:
- Download the template for literature, conceptual review, and review articles here
- Download the template for linguistics and language teaching articles here

3. Reviewing process manuscripts
Every submitted paper is independently reviewed by at least two peer-reviewers. Authors may suggest up to three peer-reviewers when submitted the manuscript. The decision for publication, revision, or rejection is based upon their reports/recommendations and made solely by Editor. If two or more reviewers consider a manuscript unsuitable for publication in this journal, a statement explaining the basis for the decision will be sent to the authors after the submission date.

4. Revision of manuscripts
Manuscripts sent back to the authors after revision should be returned to the editor without delay. The revised manuscript should be uploaded to the Online Submission Interface in the "Upload Author Version" from the Review task window. The revised document should include:
One (1) MS Word file for Revision Note file in a table form with respect to Reviewers' comments including the location of the revision on the revised manuscript. The table columns should be Number, Reviewers Comments, Answer/Revision Note, Location of Revision (page number, column, and/or line). Download the Revision Note File here.
One (1) MS Word file for Revised Manuscript file according to Template-based format (MS Word file) (Important: please color highlight the revised sentences). The revised manuscript returned later than three months will be considered as a new submission and will be reviewed again by other peer-reviewers.

5. Editorial Office of NOBEL: Journal of Literature and Language Teaching
All correspondences should be sent to the following Editorial Office:
Sufi Ikrima Sa’adah (Managing Editor)
Editorial Office of NOBEL: Journal of Literature and Language Teaching
English Department, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel
Jl. Jend. A. Yani 117, Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia 60237, Telp.: +62 838 3041 0201
Email: nobel@uinsby.ac.id

6. Guideline for Online Submission
An author should first register as Author Role and may be offered as Reviewer and fulfill the form as detail as possible where the star marked form must be entered. After all form textbox was filled, the Author clicks on the “Register” button to proceed with the registration. Therefore, the Author is brought to an online author submission interface where Author should click on “Make A Submission”. In the Submissions section, click on “Make a new submission”: to go to step one of the five-step submission process”. The following are four steps in the online submission process:

Step 1 - Starting the Submission
: Select the appropriate section of the journal, i.e. Article, Review. In the Submission requirement, make sure you have fulfilled all the requirements before submitting the manuscript. Once all requirements have been fulfilled, check all the boxes in the Submission requirement. Check on Author in Submit As. Then check the box of “Yes, I agree to have my data collected and stored according to the privacy statement.” Then, click Save and continue
Step 2 – Uploading the Submission: To upload a manuscript to this journal, click Article Component. Choose the component of the article you want to submit, i.e., Article. Then click “Upload file” button to upload your manuscript. Click “continue” button to proceed to the next step. After that, click “continue” button on the Review details. Click “Add another file” button on Confirm. In this stage, you need to upload your signed Copyright Transfer of Agreement (CTA). After you upload the signed CTA, click the “complete” button. Then click “Save and continue” button.
Step 3 – Entering Metadata: In this step, detailed authors' metadata should be entered including the marked corresponding author. After that, the manuscript title and abstract must be uploaded by copying the text and paste into the textbox including keywords.
Step 4 – Confirming the Submission: The author should final check the uploaded manuscript documents in this step. To submit the manuscript to NOBEL journal, click the Finish Submission button after the documents are true. The corresponding author or the principal contact will receive an acknowledgment by email and will be able to view the submission’s progress through the editorial process by logging in to the journal web address site. 
After this submission, the Authors who submit the manuscript will get a confirmation email about the submission automatically. Therefore, Authors are able to track their submission status at any time by logging in to the online submission interface. The submission tracking includes the status of the manuscript review and editorial process.

7. Author Fee (Article Processing Fee - APF)
NOBEL: Journal of Literature and Language Teaching is an open-access journal. Since 2021 publication, Article Processing Fee (APF) IDR 450,000 is charged for papers accepted after the process of review is complete. Authors will have to make the payment before the paper is published.

8. User Rights (Copyright Notice and Open Access License)
As a journal author, you have rights for a large range of uses of your article, including use by your employing institute or company. These Author rights can be exercised without the need to obtain specific permission. Authors retain all copyrights, except for the right for publishing (owned by Publisher or journal).
Authors publishing in NOBEL: Journal of Literature and Language Teaching have wide rights to use their works for teaching and scholarly purposes without needing to seek permission, including use for classroom teaching by Author or Author's institution and presentation at a meeting or conference and distributing copies to attendees; use for internal training by author's company; distribution to colleagues for their research use; use in a subsequent compilation of the author's works; inclusion in a thesis or dissertation; reuse of portions or extracts from the article in other works (with full acknowledgment of final article); preparation of derivative works (other than commercial purposes) (with full acknowledgment of final article); voluntary posting on open web sites operated by author or author’s institution for scholarly purposes.
All published articles will be immediately and permanently free Open Access for everyone to read and download. We are continuously working with our author communities to select the best choice of license options, currently being defined for this journal as follows: (Follow the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License).
Authors and readers can copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, as well as remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially, but they must give appropriate credit (cite to the article or content), provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. If you remix, transform or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original.

9. Manuscript Preparation Guidelines
9.1 General Organization of Paper
The paper will be published in NOBEL: Journal of Literature and Language Teaching after the peer-reviewed process and decided as “Accepted” by Editors. The final paper layout will be reproduced by the Editorial Office of NOBEL: Journal of Literature and Language Teaching. The final paper layout in PDF type, known as “Uncorrected Proof” should be corrected by Author. The final corrected proof will be published first in “Article In Press” or "In Progress" pre-issue. 
To be considered for peer-review, production, and publication smoothly, manuscripts should be typed in MS Word doc. format , using 12 size Times New Roman fonts, one-half spaced on A4-paper size, 2.5 cm, top, left, bottom, right margins and 8 to 22 pages or about 3,000 – 7,500 words in length (references excluded).
Manuscript content should, in general, be organized in the following order: Title; Authors Name; Authors Affiliation; Abstract; Keywords; Introduction; Methods; Results and Discussion; Conclusions; Acknowledgments; and References.

9.2 Section Headings
Three levels of heading are allowed as follows:
Level one headings are typed in TIMES BOLD, UPPERCASE, LEFT-JUSTIFIED
Level two headings are typed in Times bold, lowercase, left-justified
Level three headings are typed in Times bold italic, lowercase, left-justified

9.3 Body Text
The body of the text is a set of body text paragraphs defined as follows:
12pt Times New Roman
One-half space, defined as 12pt
Spacing after the heading is 3pt
Spacing before the new heading is 12pt
The indentation for the first line is 1 cm.

9.4 Bullets
Bullet and numbering within body text are not allowed. All sentences should be typed as descriptive paragraphs.

9.5 Tables
Tables are sequentially numbered with the table title and number above the table. Tables should be centered in the column OR on the page. Tables should be followed by a line space (12pt). Elements of a table should be single-spaced. However, double spacing can be used to show groupings of data or to separate parts within the table.  Table headings should be in 10pt not bold. Tables are referred to in the text by the table number, e.g., Table 1. Do not show the vertical line in the table. There is only a horizontal line that should be shown in the table, as well as a table heading.

9.6 Figures
Figures are sequentially numbered commencing at 1 with the figure title and number below the figure as shown in Figure 1 (see template). Detailed recommendations for figures are as follows:
Ensure that figures are clear and legible with typed letterings.
Black & white or colored figures are allowed.

9.7 Equations
The equation should be prepared using MS Equation Editor (not in image format). The equation number is to be placed on the extreme right side. Symbols in the equation should be typed as a paragraph descriptive, not as a bulleted list. The explanation of symbols in the Equation must be described as a paragraph not listed format.

9.8 Abbreviations, and Symbols
Define abbreviations and symbols for the first time as they are introduced in the text.

9.9 Manuscript Heading, Font, and Spacing
The manuscript should be typed using word processors (Microsoft Word or Open Office) software. The font used throughout the paper is Times New Roman. The paper size is A4 (i.e., 210 x 297 mm), one-column format with a 2.5 cm margin at the top, a 2.5 cm margin at the bottom, a 2.5 cm margin on the left, and a 2 cm margin on the right. Lines are one-half spaced, justified. Page numbers should be included in the text located in the footer section of each page. Important: Use of pronouns, such as I, we, etc., is to be avoided.
Manuscript submitted to this journal should follow the heading below, except for the review article: Title; Authors Name; Authors Affiliation; Abstract; Keywords; Introduction; Methods; Results and Discussion; Conclusions; Acknowledgments; and References. 

9.10 Paper Title
This is your opportunity to attract the reader’s attention. Remember that readers are the potential authors who will cite your article. Identify the main issue of the paper within the title. Begin with the subject or highlight the idea of the paper. The title should be accurate, unambiguous, specific, and complete. Do not contain infrequently-used abbreviations.
The title of the paper should be in UPPERCASE 14 pt bold Times New Roman and be centered. The title should have 0 pts space above and 12 pts below. Bear in mind that your title should be no more than 12 words. Therefore, pick your words thoughtfully.

9.11 Authors Name and Affiliations
Write Author(s) names WITHOUT a title and professional positions, such as Prof. Dr. Production Manager, etc. Do not abbreviate your last/family name. Always give your First and Last names (should be at least 2 (two) words). Write clear affiliation of all Authors. Affiliation includes the name of department/unit, (faculty), the name of the university, address, country. Please indicate Corresponding Author (include email address) by adding an asterisk (*) in superscript behind the name.

Author names should be in 12 pt Times Roman. Author addresses are superscripted by numerals and centered over both columns of manuscripts. Author affiliations should be in 10 pt Times Roman italic. The body of the text should commence two lines (24 points) below the last address.

Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.

9.12 Abstract and Keywords
An abstract should stand alone, which means that no citation and figures and equation format in the abstract. Consider it the advertisement for your article. The abstract should tell the prospective reader what you did and highlight the key findings. Avoid using technical jargon and uncommon abbreviations. You must be accurate, brief, clear, and specific. Use words that reflect the precise meaning. The abstract should be precise and honest. Please follow the word limitations (100-200 words).

The abstract must contain: backgrounds (if any, maximum 2-3 sentences), short clear objectives, short methods, final results or findings, and conclusion.

Keywords are the labels of your manuscript and critical to correct indexing and searching. Therefore the keywords should represent the content and highlight of your article. Use only those abbreviations that are firmly established in the field. e.g. EFL. Each word/phrase in keyword should be separated by a semicolon (;), not a comma (,).

9.13 Introduction
In the Introduction, the Authors should state the objectives of the work at the end of the introduction section. Before the objective, the Authors should provide an adequate background (maximum 1 paragraph), and a very short literature survey/review in order to record the existing solutions/method, to show which is the best of previous researches, to show the main limitation of the previous researches, to show what do you hope to achieve (to solve the limitation), and to show the scientific merit or novelties of the paper. Avoid a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results. Do not describe the literature survey/review as author by author, but should be presented as a group per method or topic reviewed which refers to some pieces of literature. Before the objectives and after the literature review, the author must state the gap analysis or novelties statements to show why does this paper is important and what is a unique idea of this paper compared to other previous researchers' suggestions.

One of the examples of novelty statement or the gap analysis statement at the end of the Introduction section (after the state of the art of previous research survey):
“… (short summary of background )…. … (put here state of the art or overview of previous researches similar to this research) …. A few researchers have focused on …. There have been limited studies concerned on …. Therefore, this research aims at ….”
or 
“... (short summary of background) …. … (put here state of the art or overview of previous researches similar to this research) …. A few researchers have focused on …. There is no researcher concerned about…. Therefore, this research focuses on …. Hence, this research is aimed at….”
etc.

9.13 Methods
Methods should make readers be able to reproduce the study. Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described. Do not repeat the details of established methods.

9.14 Results and Discussion
The results should be clear and concise. The results should summarize findings rather than providing data in great detail. Please highlight the differences between your results or findings and the previous publications by other researchers. The discussion should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

In the discussion, it is the most important section of your article. Here you get the chance to sell your data. Make the discussion corresponding to the results, but do not reiterate the results. Often should begin with a brief summary of the main scientific findings (not all results).

The following components should be covered in discussion:
- How do your results relate to the original question or objectives outlined in the Introduction section? What is your finding of research? (what/how)? 
- Do you provide interpretation scientifically for each of your results or findings presented? This scientific interpretation must be supported by valid analysis and characterization (why)? 
- Are your results consistent with what other investigators have reported (what else)? Or are there any differences?

9.15 Conclusions
Conclusions should only answer the objectives of the research. Tells how your work advances the field from the present state of knowledge. Without clear Conclusions, reviewers and readers will find it difficult to judge the work, and whether or not it merits publication in the journal. Do not repeat the Abstract, or just list experimental results. Provide a clear scientific justification for your work, and indicate possible applications and extensions. This conclusion should be provided as a paragraph. You should also outline future research and/or point out those that are underway.

9.16 Acknowledgment
Recognize those who helped in the research, especially funding supporters of your research financially. Include individuals who have assisted you in your study: Advisors, Financial supporters, or may another supporter, i.e. Proofreaders, Typists, and Suppliers, who may have given materials. Do not acknowledge one of the authors' names.

9.17 Citations and References
Cite the main scientific publications on which your work is based. Cite only items that you have read. Do not inflate the manuscript with too many references. Avoid excessive self-citations. Avoid excessive citations of publications from the same region. Check each reference against the original source (author name, volume, issue, year, DOI Number). Please use Reference Manager Applications like EndNote, Mendeley, Zotero, etc. Use other published articles in the same journal as models. The minimum number of references should be 20 references and should include at least one published in NOBEL: Journal of Literature and Language Teaching.
Citation within the body text of the article to reference(s) must follow the American Psychological Association (APA) style version 7.0. References must be presented alphabetically.

Example: “While these two aspects are regarded as the key factors of politeness perception, the realization of politeness in different speech acts like an apology, refusal, and disagreement (Behnam & Niroomand, 2011; Tamimi Sa’d & Mohammadi, 2014) is delineated as something dreadful for it requires pertinent strategy in carrying its illocutionary force.”

All publications cited in the text should be included as a list of references. References are alphabetical. Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications can also be used in the reference list. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either “Unpublished results” or “Personal communication”. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, a reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.

This journal has to follow standard templates available in key reference management packages EndNote, Mendeley, or Reference Manager. Using plug-ins to word processing packages, authors only need to select the appropriate journal template when preparing their article and the list of references and citations to these will be formatted according to the journal style, which is described below.

When preparing your reference list, the following should be avoided:
- References not cited in the text.
- Excessively referencing your own previous works.
- Insufficiently referencing the work of others.
- It is also preferable when Authors give the DOI number of each reference list, but it is optional for Authors.

The reference list must be written consistently in a long format (NOBEL: Journal of Literature and Language Teaching), not in a short title (i.e. NOB. Jou. Lit. Lan. Tea).
Examples of guideline for preparing the references list is described in the last section of this author guidelines.

9.18 References 
Citation within the body text of the article to reference(s) must follow the A-Z alphabetical system (e.g., Alzemi, 2012; Chao, 2010; Schmitt & Zimmerman, 2002). However, the references list must be typed according to the American Psychological Association (APA) Version 7.0.

Book
Austin, J. L. (1962). How to do things with words. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
David, A., & Simpson, J. (Eds.). (2006). The Norton anthology of English literature: The Middle Ages (8th ed., Vol. A). W. W. Norton and Company.

Book Chapter
Brown, P., & Levinson, S. C. (1978). Universals in language usage: Politeness phenomena. In E. N. Goody (Ed.). Questions and politeness: Strategies in social interaction, (pp. 256-289). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Journal
Baider, F. H., Cislaru, G., & Claudel, C. (2020). Researching politeness: From the„classical" approach to discourse analysis … and back. Corpus Pragmatics, 4(3), 259-272. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41701-020-00088-8
Hay, J. B. (2002). From speech perception to morphology: Affix-ordering revisited. Language, 78:527–555.

Conferences
Nishimoto, E. (2004). Defining new words in corpus data: Productivity of English suffixes in the British National Corpus. Proceedings of the 26th Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (CogSci 2004), Chicago, USA (August 2004).

Website (but should be avoided)
American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. (2019, November 21). Justice served: Case closed for over 40 dogfighting victims. Retrieved March 18, 2020, from  https://www.aspca.org/news/justice-served-case-closed-over-40-dogfighting-victims
Quinion, M. (2008). Affixes: The building blocks of English. Index. Retrieved June 17, 2017 from http://affixes.org/c/com-.html

Thesis/Dissertation
Helman, A. L. (2015). The clues strategy: Improving science vocabulary acquisition for secondary English language learners with reading disabilities (Publication No. 2631). Theses and Dissertations. http://preserve.lehigh.edu/etd/2631
Lin, A. T. W. (2018). Improving the academic vocabulary of tertiary learners through direct vocabulary instruction with gamification [Doctoral dissertation, Wawasan Open University]. http://woulibrary.wou.edu.my/thesesproject/PhD2018_WLTAN.pdf

Submission Preparation Checklist
- As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
- The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
-The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
- The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.

Copyright Notice
Author(s) Rights
As a journal author, you have rights for a large range of uses of your article, including use by your employing institute or company. These Author rights can be exercised without the need to obtain specific permission. Authors publishing in NOBEL: Journal of Literature and Language Teaching have wide rights to use their works for teaching and scholarly purposes without needing to seek permission, including use for classroom teaching by Author or Author's institution and presentation at a meeting or conference and distributing copies to attendees; use for internal training by author's company; distribution to colleagues for their research use; use in a subsequent compilation of the author's works; inclusion in a thesis or dissertation; reuse of portions or extracts from the article in other works (with full acknowledgment of final article); preparation of derivative works (other than commercial purposes) (with full acknowledgment of final article); voluntary posting on open web sites operated by author or author’s institution for scholarly purposes (should follow Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License).
Authors can copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, as well as remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially, but they must give appropriate credit (cite to the article or content), provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. If you remix, transform or build upon the material, you must redistribute your contributions under the same license as the original.

Copyright Transfer Agreement (for Publishing)
The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright publishing of the article shall be assigned/transferred to NOBEL: Journal of Literature and Language Teaching and the English Department, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya as the publisher of the journal. Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a 'Copyright Transfer Agreement' (see more information on this). An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a 'Copyright Transfer Agreement' form by the online version of this agreement.
NOBEL: Journal of Literature and Language Teaching and the English Department, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya, the Editors, and the Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions, or statements be published in the journal. In any way, the contents of the articles and advertisements published in the NOBEL: Journal of Literature and Language Teaching are the sole and exclusive responsibility of their respective authors and advertisers.

Remember, even though we ask for a transfer of copyright, our journal authors retain (or are granted back) significant scholarly rights as mention before. The Copyright Transfer Agreement (CTA) Form can be downloaded here.

The copyright form should be signed electronically and send to the Editorial Office in the form of the original e-mail below:  
Sufi Ikrima Sa’adah (Managing Editor)
Editorial Office of NOBEL: Journal of Literature and Language Teaching
English Department, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya.
Jl. Ahmad Yani 117 Surabaya, Jawa Timur 60237, Indonesia.
Telp. +62 31-8410298/ +62 838 3014 0201 Fax. +62 31-8413300
E-mail: nobel@uinsby.ac.id

Privacy Statement
The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.