FENOMENA DIGLOSIA DALAM BAHASA ARAB
Abstract: In pre Islamic period Arabic was living a very dynamic linguistic milieu which found at that time numbers of dialects in addition to the dominant dialect of Quraisy. When Islam came, there found in Al-Qurâ€™a>n not only the dialect of Quraisy. There were efforts to only use the language of Al-Qurâ€™a>n but led to a number of problems. People who come from tribes other than Quraisy, not all have the readiness and ability to use al-Qur'an language in their life. As a result, a number of errors and irregularities called lah}n accured when people began using the fluent Arabic language. The phenomenon â€œlah}nâ€ is the embryo of the birth of a>mmiyah language, he even called the a>mmiyah dialect. Unlike the Arabic dialects are used in a number of local places, a>mmiyah language regarded as a form of language extension that is not natural. This phenomenon became known as diglosia. Diglosia between fluent and a>mmiyah language, especially in the modern Arab society, is suspected to have some negative impacts which penetrated into various fields, among others knowledge, education, personality, moral and literary and art activities. This paper tries to put forward some of problems that exist in the fluent and a>mmiyah language in Arabic as well as the impact of diglosia that appears in the society.
Keywords: Arabic, dialects, Quraisy. Â