Sejarah Peristiwa Sumpah Palapa dalam Kitab Pararaton
Keywords:Gajah Mada Majapahit Kingdom, Pararaton Book, Sumpah Palapa
This study aims to (1) know the background of Sumpah Palapa event, (2) analyze the value and ideology of Sumpah Palapa, and (3) describe the impact of Sumpah Palapa on the Majapahit Kingdom recorded in the Pararaton Book. This study uses a qualitative research method based on the Pararaton Book which was rewritten by Hardjowadojo (1965). The results of this study are (1) the background of Sumpah Palapa (Amukti Palapa) as a manifestation of Gajah Mada's political policy to invade several regions in the archipelago in order to unite them under the reign of Majapahit, (2) the value and ideology of Sumpah Palapa in the Pararaton Book which are the similarity of the slogan of Bhineka Tunggal Ika, Sumpah Palapa, and Mitreka Satata. All of them are the spirit to unite the diversity of the archipelago in one sovereignty, (3) There are three impacts of Sumpah Palapa recorded in the Pararaton Book namely Bubat War; the cessation of Gajah Mada as Mahapatih Amangkubhumi; and the death of Princess of Sunda who was the future wife Prabu Hayam Wuruk. Overall, it can be seen that the history of Sumpah Palapa event had been recorded in the Pararaton Book and were in accordance with other historical data that become the sources of literature references in this study.
Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa. 2016. Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia Edisi Kelima. Jakarta: Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementrian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Indonesia.
el Firdausy, Syarifah Wardah. 2011. Kearifan Lokal Serat Rengganis KPPN sebagai Media Islamisasi Suntingan Teks disertai Sejarah Teks. Skripsi. Sastra Indonesia, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Airlangga Surabaya.
Fitroh, Anah Nur. 2017. “Peran Tribhuwana Tunggadewi dalam Mengembalikan Keutuhan dan Perkembangan Kerajaan Majapahit Tahun 1328-1350.” Jurnal Pendidikan Sejarah AVATARA 5 (2), 304.
Nurhayati, Enung. 2018. Gajah Mada. Jakarta: PT Buku Seru.
Hardjowadojo, Pitono. 1965. Kitab Pararaton Terjemahan. Malang: Penerbit Bhratara.
Hariadi, Langit Kresna. 2004. Gajah Mada. Solo: Tiga Serangkai
Hernawan, Wawan. 2011. “Perang Bubat dalam Literatur.” Jurnal Wawasan UIN Gunung Djati 34 (1), 37.
Poerbatjaraka. 1952. Kepustakaan Djawa. Djakarta: Penerbit Djamabatan.
Rozi, Teguh Fatchur, dkk. 2020. “Telaah Sistem Tata Kota Kerajaan Majapahit Dalam Kakawin Nagarakrtagama”. SULUK: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Budaya 1 (2), 77-86. http://jurnalfahum.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/Suluk/article/view/248.
Zoetmulder. 2006. Kamus Jawa Kuna Indonesia. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Pustaka utama.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Dwi Santoso, Ayu Firmaningsih, Deivy Nur Setyowati
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories, pre-print sites, or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater dissemination of published work.